The Indelible Tigress Queen of Ranthambore- The Machli (1997 to 2016)

Once the pride of Ranthambore, Machli (T-16) alias "Lady of the Lake," was the royal tigress who passed away on 18th August 2016. Labeled as the most photographed tigress in the world, Machli was not only beautiful but also a powerful entity who had a strong hold over her territory which mainly includes the Ranthambhore's palace, lakes, and fort of Ranthambore. With domes, and chattris as a shelter, and lakes under her control, one can easily figure out Machli's dominance over Ranthambore. This 350 square mile area of Machli's territory was the largest area of the park and also the most beautiful one. Amongst the 62 tigers of Ranthambore, what made Machli so special was her comfort level with the humans, and how she held lensmen (and women) in awe of her grace. She was smart too. At times, she used to take the advantage of the tourist's vehicles to stalk and hunt. Her genes have spread far and wide across the area; two of her female cubs were transferred to Sariska Tiger Reserve to repopulate it with big cats. Films books and even lifetime awards are such accolades that have lifted her name to a greater extent.

Machli, literal meaning fish - Isn't this name  quite weird to call a tigress? The reason behind her name machli was the fish-shaped mark on the left ear of her face. Also, she inherited this name from her mother. Since birth, which happened during the monsoon months of 1997, Machli had been a dominating cub. At the age of two, which was the year 1999, this ferocious tigress started hunting on her own; the first sign she was about to separate from her mother. Soon afterward, machli took away the part of her mother territory, and that's where she's spent the majority of her reign. After few years, she gave birth to three cubs - one female (Sundari - T-17) and two male (broken tail and "slant ear) by mating with a large male tiger called "Bamboo Ram".

By the end of December 2001, both the cubs separated from Machali. And then she mated with a male tiger called "Nick Ear". Bamboo Ram had died of old age when Broken Tail and Slant Ear were still with Machali and Nick ear had taken over his territory. By April 2002, Machali had given birth to her second litter, the two cubs named Jhumru (male) and Jhumri(female). By the end of 2004 Machali mated with another male tiger known as X-male and around March 2005 she again gave birth to two cubs namely Sharmeele (which means shy in Hindi) and Bahadur (Brave). Despite being a female tigress, she always had a dominating nature and a powerful personality that at times used to overpower even the male tigers. She had been always protective about her kids.

Since her birth, she has been a ferocious species, and one can see that from the series of incidents that has been documented about her. One of these tales was her fight with the 14-foot long crocodile that has even created the history. According to the spectators who were present there at the time of the time, it was something exceptional, and worth to be recorded in the history.

Machli has earned many applauds and laurels throughout her life but one tag that gained her a lot of popularity has to be the - most photographed tigress. Over the years, she has been the subject of many documentaries, short films, journals, books, and research papers on wildlife. In fact, many books based on Machli and Ranthambore National Park has received a TOFT Lifetime Achievement Award for her contribution to conservation and the wider Rajasthan economy.

However, around five years ago, age started taking a toll on Machli and she started losing territory gradually. She even lost her teeth too by the time of her death. Today, this fierce-eyed tigress not strolling like a queen in Ranthambore but her royalty still resounds in the jungle.

Mentioned below are some of the facts that one should know about this legendary tigress of Ranthambore National Park:

  • Tigress Queen of Ranthambore', 'Lady of the Lakes' and 'Crocodile Killer': are some of the titles she received during her life.
  • Between 1998 and 2009, the extraordinary popularity of Machli helped the Indian government earn nearly US$100 million.
  • She won the "Lifetime Achievement Award" due to her contribution to conservation and tourist attraction.
  • Indian Government issued a commemorative postal cover and stamp to honor Machli for her ecological and economical contributions.
  • Machli passed away at the age of 20, which made her the world's oldest-surviving tigress in the wild. This age is higher than the average lifespan (10 to 15 years) of tigers in the wild.